Distinguishing Between Separate and Attached Pronouns in the Arabic Language

Distinguishing Between Separate and Attached Pronouns in the Arabic Language

It is known that most, if not all, of the world’s languages contain basic rules for forming sentences correctly, in addition to pronouncing sounds correctly.This means that grammatical rules are not only for writing or forming understandable sentences or phrases, or even understanding the use of words and placing them in the appropriate place. 

There are words or terms whose sound cannot be changed and are pronounced in one form, such as pronouns, the Arabic language is filled with many linguistic grammatical rules that affect its composition, in addition to the way in which sounds and words are pronounced.  The pronunciation of a word and the sound of a letter differ depending on what precedes it, and there are cases in which the phrases or words used have one grammatical meaning, that is, they do not change. Among the fixed grammatical rules that have one inflection or one sound that does not change are separate and attached pronouns, and we will learn about them in our current article.

Separate and attached pronouns in the Arabic Emsat exam

Pronouns in the Arabic language are considered one of the most important pillars of the language, which are no less important than any other pillar of the linguistic structure in the Arabic language.  The pronoun is used to refer to a noun, whether that noun is spoken, addressed, or absent, with its position in the sentence varying, whether it is a subject or object. etc.

The role of the pronoun lies in linking words and phrases in the structures of the Arabic language, including the separate and attached nominative pronouns in the Arabic language. These are the pronouns that refer to the subject in the sentence. In this case, their grammatical status is fixed and is in the nominative case.

First, separate nominative pronouns:

  • First person pronouns: I, we.
  • Second person pronouns: you (singular), you (plural).
  • Third person pronouns: he, she, it, they.


  • I: It is used to indicate the subject in the nominative case in the pronoun of the same speaker. Example: I went to school.
  • You: It is used to refer to the subject in the nominative case in the second person masculine/feminine pronoun in the singular/ plural.  Example: Are you going to the market?
  • He: It is used to indicate the subject in the nominative case in the masculine pronoun in the singular form Example: He works in the bank.
  • She: It is used to indicate the subject in the nominative case in the feminine pronoun in the singular form. Example: She studies at university.
  • We: It is used to refer to the subject in the nominative case in the pronoun of the speaker and others in the dual or plural form. Example: We went to the park.
  • They: It is used to indicate the subject in the nominative case in the masculine pronoun and the feminine in the dual or singular form. Example: They go to the theatre.

Secondly, attached nominative pronouns:

These are pronouns that connect to other words or even verbs to indicate the subject and are affected by the number and gender of the subject.


The speaker’s attached pronouns:

  • I went to the market.
  • We: We went to the park.

The attached pronouns of the addressee

  • You: Do you go to the market? (masculine)
  • You: Are you going to the market? (feminine)
  • You: Do you want to eat? (singular and the plural)

Continuous pronouns for the third person

  • He: He works in the bank.
  • She: She studies at the university.
  • It: It plays in the sand.
  • They: They go to the theatre.

How to prepare for the Arabic Emsat exam

The Arabic Emsat exam is important for your academic path and then your professional path in the near term, so you must pay attention to everything that may constitute a basic point in the curriculum, regardless of the branch, and since grammar is one of the basic, important, and most difficult branches of the Arabic language, it deserves to receive priority. Separate and attached pronouns are among the basics of grammar in the Arabic language

Therefore, you will find that they are an integral part of using the language correctly, and you must be tested on them, for this reason, training is the most important thing through which you can master the separate and attached pronouns.

In the Arabic Emsat exam, questions about separate and attached pronouns may come in several different forms, such as:

  • Complete: You are asked to complete the sentences using the correct pronoun.
  • Multiple choice: You choose the word or pronoun that best fits the sentence.
  • Rewrite: you will be given sentences and then asked to rewrite them in different cases of the subject.
  • Correct the error in the sentence and then rewrite it.

It is important to practice on previous exams to know what type of questions there are and how to solve them in the correct way. You can practice separate and attached pronouns by:

  • Understanding grammar: Before you start studying the regular questions, make sure you have a good understanding of the grammar related to separate and attached pronouns and how to use them in sentences. Review the rules and examples for separate and attached pronouns.
  • Create a table or list: Create a table or list of typical question types and examples of each type. You can organize the table by who is being addressed and what questions are being asked.
  • Practice examples: Start by practicing examples for each type of question. Write the appropriate questions and answers for each. You can also repeat questions and answers out loud to reinforce oral learning.
  • Practice different sources : After you have learned the rules and their conjunctions, do more exercises and questions related to separate and attached pronouns. You can find books or educational resources that contain various exercises to help you practice.
  • Conversation: Practice typical questions in real conversations. You might ask someone else to be the subject referred to by separate and relative nominative pronouns, and then ask appropriate questions. This will help you apply the information you have learned and improve your language skills.
  • Regular review: Regularly review the rules for separate and attached pronouns and regular questions. Use regular time to review concepts and practice questions on a regular basis to maintain your grasp and understanding of the topic.

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